Sleep Disorders & Problems

Self-Care

Some common types of sleep disorders include:

  • Insomnia: difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night. Insomnia affects around 25% of the population occasionally.
  • Sleep apnoea: experiencing strange patterns in breathing while you are asleep. There are several types of sleep apnoea. Obstructive sleep apnoea involves snoring to an extreme, blocked airways, and waking up every very few minutes.
  • Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): a type of sleep movement disorder. RLS causes an uncomfortable feeling and a need to move the legs while you try to fall asleep.
  • Narcolepsy: extreme sleepiness during the day and falling asleep suddenly during the day.
  • NREM (non-rapid eye movement) parasomnias:
    • Sleepwalking
    • sleep terrors
    • sleep-related eating disorders.
  • REM (rapid eye movement) parasomnias:
    • REM sleeping disorder: some genetic competent and is characterised as lack of paralysis and acting out of dreams
    • Isolated sleep paralysis: preservation of atonia (loss of strength in muscles) after arousal from REM sleep

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